Pilates Apparatuses Explained


The reformer is a bed-like frame with a flat platform, called a carriage. This carriage rolls back and forth on wheels attached by springs at the foot of the reformer. The springs provide a choice of resistance for the trainer and client when performing various exercises. The reformer also has shoulder blocks, straps for the arms and legs, a footbar, a box, and several accessories that can be used throughout a training session or class.

The reformer is highly adjustable and accessible for all body types. There are multiple variations of the exercises as well, making the reformer the most popular for both private sessions and group classes. There are many benefits to practicing pilates on the reformer; it accesses a variety of muscles, including your powerhouse, or core. It helps clients work on flexibility and strength in their bodies by offering resistance choices and exercises that challenge balance and stability. Overall, the reformer is the perfect equipment choice for first-time clients and those who have been practicing for years.

Pilates Chair

Also known as the Wunda Chair or Low Chair is basically a box with a pedal on one side attached by resistance springs. The pedal is one large pedal, or it can be divided into two, a split pedal. The chair was traditionally wood and designed to double as furniture in a person’s house. It is one of the more popular pieces of additional equipment in a studio and a great addition to a one-on-one session.


The Tower is a vertical unit that is either attached to a reformer or a stationary base. It uses a variety of attachments, including a roll-back bar, arm springs, leg springs, and a push-through bar. It is adaptable to all levels of clients. It allows the client to access a repertoire of exercises and modifications to add variety to any private session.

The Pilates Arc


The Pilates Arc is a piece of equipment inspired by Joseph Pilates’ spine corrector. It is a perfect addition to class for both beginners to advanced. It is designed to support the body and has been known to relieve back pain, improve posture, build flexibility and strength, and correct spinal alignment. The Arc can be used both in mat and reformer classes. Additional benefits include coordination, balance, and breath awareness of the body.

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